Among the leading causes of death in France, stroke is what kills women the most. This is the first cause of acquired adult disability and the second leading cause of dementia. On October 29, 2017, the World Day dedicated to it marks the opportunity to review its main characteristics, while recalling the preventive measures that can be taken to avoid the worst.

More oxygen in the cells

Specifically, stroke occurs when blood flow to or into the brain is interrupted by a blocked blood vessel (ischemic stroke or cerebral infarction) or when a bleeding blood vessel burst (haemorrhagic or hemorrhagic stroke). hematoma) in the brain. As a result, cells no longer receive the oxygen and nutrients they need to function normally. Some are damaged, others die.

Sudden first symptoms

The first symptoms of stroke are usually sudden and appear only on one side: paralysis, weakness or numbness of a part of the body, deformity of the mouth, difficulty speaking, loss of vision of an eye , disorders of balance, headache difficult to sustain and unusual.
Risk factors can cause the accident. Among them: smoking, sedentary lifestyle, cholesterol, poor diet in the long term, a high waist-to-hip ratio, excessive alcohol consumption but also psycho-social factors such as stress and depression.

Stop smoking and sedentary lifestyle

“80% of strokes could be avoided by better controlling these risk factors , ” says the French Neurovascular Society (SFNV) in a statement. Hence the need to make known preventive measures to keep in mind. The association lists five: monitor your blood pressure, eat healthy, control your cholesterol (with a report every five years), engage in physical activity and stop smoking.